The Trendy Way of Getting Around – Bike and Scooter Sharing Programs Gain Popularity

In today’s fast-paced world, finding efficient and convenient means of transportation is a priority for many people. Two popular options that have gained significant popularity in recent years are bikes and scooters. These two-wheeled vehicles offer an alternative to traditional modes of transportation and have unique features that cater to different needs and preferences.

One of the most striking differences between bikes and scooters is the way they are powered. Bikes rely solely on human power, requiring the rider to pedal to move forward. On the other hand, scooters can be electric or manually operated. Electric scooters have gained significant traction due to their ease of use and convenience. They are powered by a battery and require minimal effort from the rider, making them a popular choice for commuting short distances.

Another important factor to consider when choosing between a bike and a scooter is safety. Both modes of transportation come with their own set of risks, which can be mitigated by taking proper precautions. Wearing a helmet when riding a bike or a scooter is crucial to protect the head in case of an accident. Additionally, it is important to be aware of local traffic regulations and follow them diligently to ensure a safe ride.

While bikes and scooters both have two wheels and offer an eco-friendly way of getting around, they do have notable differences. Bikes offer the advantage of being able to cover long distances efficiently, making them suitable for recreational purposes and longer commutes. Scooters, on the other hand, excel in short-distance commuting and are incredibly portable, making them an ideal choice for quick rides and last-mile transportation.

Ultimately, the choice between a bike and a scooter depends on individual preferences and needs. Some may prefer the health benefits and exercise that come with pedal-powered bikes, while others may opt for the speed and convenience of electric scooters. Whichever option you choose, both bikes and scooters offer an exciting and efficient way to get around town while reducing your carbon footprint.

History of Bicycles and Scooters

Wheels have been used as a means of transportation for thousands of years, but the development of the modern bike and scooter took place in the 19th century.

The first bicycle, also known as a “velocipede,” was invented in 1817 by Karl Drais, a German baron. This early bicycle had two wooden wheels connected by a wooden frame, and riders had to push themselves forward with their feet.

The pedal-powered bike as we know it today was introduced in the 1860s. The addition of pedals and cranks allowed riders to power the bike with their legs, making it a much easier and more efficient mode of transportation.

The bike gained popularity quickly and became a symbol of freedom and independence. Riding a bike allowed people to travel longer distances in a shorter amount of time, making it a popular choice for commuting and leisure.

On the other hand, the scooter has a more recent history. It was first introduced in the early 20th century as a child’s toy. However, scooter technology advanced rapidly, and by the 1990s, they became a viable mode of transportation for adults as well.

The modern scooter typically has a smaller frame and wheels compared to a bike. It is powered by a small engine or electric motor, allowing riders to travel at higher speeds. Scooters are lightweight and compact, making them ideal for urban environments and short commutes.

In recent years, bike and scooter sharing programs have gained popularity in many cities. These programs allow people to rent bikes or scooters for short periods, providing an affordable and convenient transportation option.

Regardless of whether you choose to ride a bike or a scooter, it is important to prioritize safety. Wearing a helmet and following traffic rules is crucial to ensure a safe and enjoyable ride.

Types of Bicycles

When it comes to pedal-powered transportation, bicycles come in various types to suit different needs and preferences. From traditional bikes to electric-powered ones, there’s a style for everyone.

Traditional Bikes

Traditional bikes are the most common type of bicycle. They are designed for people who enjoy pedal-powered rides and rely solely on the rider’s energy to move forward. With two wheels and a simple frame, these bikes are perfect for leisure rides, commuting, or cycling as a hobby.

Electric Bikes

Electric bikes, often referred to as e-bikes, are becoming increasingly popular for both recreational and transportation purposes. These bikes have an electric motor that assists the rider’s pedaling, providing an extra boost of power. They are especially suitable for riders who may need assistance in tackling hills or covering long distances without getting exhausted.

Electric bikes offer a convenient and eco-friendly transportation option that reduces the reliance on fossil fuels. Riders still need to pedal, but the motor helps make riding less strenuous and more enjoyable.

Moreover, electric bikes are commonly used in bike-sharing programs, providing an accessible and sustainable mode of transportation. They allow people to easily rent and ride a bike to get around cities, promoting a healthier and greener lifestyle.

Folding Bikes

Folding bikes have gained popularity in recent years due to their portability and versatility. These bikes are designed to be compact and easily folded, allowing riders to take them on public transportation or store them in tight spaces. They are lightweight, making them a great choice for urban commuters or travelers who need a convenient way to get around.

Specialized Bikes

There is a wide range of specialized bikes available for different purposes and terrains. Mountain bikes, for example, are designed for off-road adventures and feature sturdy frames, suspension systems, and knobby tires for better grip. Road bikes, on the other hand, are designed for high-speed riding on paved roads and have lightweight frames and narrow tires for increased efficiency.

Other specialized bikes include hybrid bikes, which combine features of road and mountain bikes, and cruiser bikes, which are designed for comfort and leisurely rides. Each type of specialized bike offers a unique riding experience and caters to specific preferences and needs.

No matter the type of bike, it is essential for riders to prioritize safety by wearing a helmet and following traffic rules. Whether you choose a traditional bike, an electric bike, or any other type, biking is a fun and efficient mode of transportation that allows you to enjoy the ride and stay active.

Types of Scooters

Scooters come in various designs and styles, catering to different needs and preferences. Whether you are looking for a sleek and modern scooter or a sturdy and practical one, there is a type of scooter out there for you.

Kick Scooters

Kick scooters are the most common type of scooter. They feature a handlebar, a deck for standing, and two wheels. Maneuvering a kick scooter is easy, you simply push off the ground with one foot and use the other to kick. These scooters are popular for short commutes and quick rides around town.

Electric Scooters

Electric scooters have grown in popularity in recent years due to their convenience and eco-friendly nature. They are equipped with a battery-powered motor that allows for effortless rides. Simply hop on, press a button, and enjoy a smooth and effortless ride. Electric scooters are a popular choice for urban commuters and those looking for an alternative mode of transportation.

When riding a scooter, it is important to prioritize safety. Always wear a helmet, especially when riding at high speeds or in traffic. Protective gear can help prevent injuries in case of any accidents or falls.

Whether you choose a scooter or a bike, both can offer an enjoyable and efficient mode of transportation. Scooters are great for short distances, while bikes are excellent for longer rides. Ultimately, it’s all about personal preference and what suits your transportation needs best.

Design and Construction

Both bikes and electric scooters are designed with the goal of providing an efficient and enjoyable means of transportation. However, their designs and construction differ in several ways.


A bike typically consists of a frame, handlebars, wheels, pedals, and a chain. The frame is usually made of lightweight materials such as aluminum or carbon fiber, which allow for easier handling and maneuverability. The handlebars provide steering control, while the wheels enable smooth movement. The pedals allow the rider to generate power and propel the bike forward, making it a popular choice for those who enjoy physical activity and exercise.

Bikes also prioritize safety, with many riders opting to wear helmets to protect their heads in case of accidents. The construction of bikes ensures stability and balance, allowing riders to enjoy a smooth and comfortable ride.

Electric Scooter

Electric scooters, on the other hand, have a more compact design compared to bikes. They typically consist of a footboard, handlebars, wheels, and an electric motor. The footboard provides a platform for the rider to stand on, while the handlebars allow for steering control. The wheels, often smaller than those of a bike, contribute to the scooter’s agility and maneuverability.

Electric scooters are powered by an electric motor, which eliminates the need for pedal power. This makes them a convenient option for those who prefer a more effortless ride. Some electric scooters also feature a ride-sharing system, allowing users to easily rent and ride a scooter without the need for ownership.

When it comes to safety, riders of electric scooters are also encouraged to wear helmets, especially when riding at high speeds. The design of electric scooters enables riders to enjoy a fun and efficient mode of transportation while still prioritizing safety.

In conclusion, both bikes and electric scooters are designed and constructed in a way that meets the needs of different riders. Whether you prefer the physical activity of pedaling a bike or the convenience of an electric scooter, these means of transportation offer unique benefits for various purposes.

Energy Sources

When it comes to energy sources, both bikes and scooters have their advantages and disadvantages. Bikes are propelled by human power, with the rider using their own energy to pedal and move forward. This makes biking a green and sustainable mode of transportation, as it does not require any external energy source other than the rider’s own strength.

Scooters, on the other hand, typically rely on an electric motor for propulsion. These motors are usually powered by a rechargeable battery, which can be charged using electricity from the grid. While electric scooters are still more environmentally friendly than cars, as they produce zero emissions during use, they do require electricity to recharge their batteries.

Another factor to consider is energy efficiency. Bikes, being human-powered, are incredibly energy-efficient as they convert the rider’s muscle power directly into forward motion. Scooters, while more efficient than cars, are not as efficient as bikes as they rely on an electric motor to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.

In terms of energy consumption, bikes have an obvious advantage. As mentioned before, bikes are powered by human energy, which comes from calories burned by the rider. On the other hand, electric scooters require electricity from the grid to recharge their batteries, which means they contribute to the overall energy consumption of the transportation system.

In conclusion, bikes and scooters have different energy sources and considerations. Bikes are powered by the rider’s pedal power, making them a sustainable and energy-efficient transportation option. Scooters, on the other hand, rely on electric motors and rechargeable batteries, which require electricity from the grid. Both options have their advantages and disadvantages in terms of energy consumption and environmental impact.

Speed and Range

When it comes to speed and range, both bikes and electric scooters have their advantages and limitations.

A bike is a pedal-powered mode of transportation. Depending on the rider’s fitness level and the terrain, a bike can reach speeds of up to 20-30 miles per hour. However, achieving these speeds requires consistent pedaling and effort from the rider. Biking also provides an excellent source of exercise and is a more sustainable and environmentally friendly way of transportation compared to using an electric scooter.

On the other hand, electric scooters are powered by a battery, which provides a significant advantage in terms of speed and range. Electric scooters can reach speeds of up to 15-20 miles per hour, depending on the model. They are also effortless to ride, as the rider only needs to twist the throttle to accelerate and use the brakes to slow down or stop. Electric scooters can cover distances of up to 20-30 miles on a single charge, making them ideal for short to medium commutes.

Both bikes and electric scooters have their place in modern transportation. Bikes are suitable for longer rides or when fitness is a priority, while electric scooters are great for short commutes and quick trips around town. Regardless of whether you choose a bike or an electric scooter, it’s always important to prioritize safety and wear a helmet when riding.

Type of Transportation Speed Range
Bike 20-30 mph Dependent on rider
Electric Scooter 15-20 mph 20-30 miles

Environmental Impact

When it comes to transportation, the environmental impact is an important consideration. Both scooters and bikes offer advantages in terms of their eco-friendliness compared to traditional car transportation.


Scooters are typically powered by electricity, making them a cleaner option than fuel-powered vehicles. They produce zero emissions, which helps to reduce air pollution and improve air quality in urban areas. Additionally, electric scooters are relatively quiet, resulting in lower noise pollution compared to cars and motorcycles.

The use of scooters also reduces the demand for car and motorcycle parking spaces, which can free up valuable land and reduce urban congestion. The compact size of scooters allows for efficient use of road space and can lead to improved traffic flow in crowded cities.

However, the production and maintenance of electric scooters still have some environmental impacts. The manufacturing process requires the extraction of raw materials and energy consumption, which can contribute to carbon emissions. Additionally, the scooter batteries need to be properly disposed of at the end of their life cycle.


Bicycles are one of the most environmentally friendly modes of transportation available. They are human-powered, requiring no fuel consumption or emissions during use. This means that bikes have zero air pollution and carbon emissions, making them a sustainable transport option.

In addition to being emission-free, bicycles also have minimal noise pollution and take up very little space on the road. They are highly efficient in terms of energy consumption, as the rider’s energy is directly transferred to the wheels through pedal power.

Bike sharing systems have gained popularity in many cities, further promoting sustainable transportation. These systems allow individuals to rent bikes for short trips, reducing the need for car usage and consequently decreasing traffic congestion and air pollution.

Overall, both scooters and bikes offer significant environmental advantages compared to car transportation. While scooters provide zero emissions and efficient use of road space, bicycles are entirely human-powered and have no environmental impacts during use.

Health Benefits

Riding a bike or scooter can provide numerous health benefits. Whether you choose to pedal your bike or opt for an electric scooter, both modes of transportation can contribute to your physical well-being.

Physical Fitness

Using a bike or scooter as a means of transportation allows you to incorporate physical activity into your daily routine. Riding a bike requires pedaling, which is a great cardiovascular exercise that helps improve your overall fitness level. It can increase your heart rate, strengthen your muscles, and improve your endurance. Even when using an electric scooter, you still engage your muscles to maintain balance and control your movements.

Low-Impact Exercise

Biking and scooter riding are low-impact exercises that are gentle on your joints. Unlike activities like running or jumping, which can put stress on your knees and ankles, riding a bike or scooter is much easier on your body. This makes it a suitable form of exercise for people of all ages and fitness levels.

Additionally, biking and scooter riding can help improve your flexibility and coordination. The repeated motion of pedaling or pushing off on the scooter helps to strengthen the muscles in your legs, while also improving your balance and motor skills.

  • Improved Mental Health

In addition to the physical benefits, biking and scooter riding also have positive effects on your mental well-being. Riding a bike or scooter allows you to enjoy the great outdoors and experience the world in a unique way. This can help reduce stress levels, improve your mood, and boost your overall mental health.

Furthermore, using a bike or scooter as a means of transportation can also contribute to a cleaner environment. By choosing a sustainable mode of transportation, you are reducing your carbon footprint and promoting a healthier planet.

Remember, when engaging in biking or scooter riding, always prioritize safety by wearing a helmet and following the rules of the road. Whether you choose to use a bike or take advantage of electric scooter sharing programs, enjoy the health benefits that these two-wheeled transportation options offer.

Safety Features

When it comes to sharing the road with other vehicles, safety should always be a top priority. Both bikes and scooters have safety features that help ensure a safe ride for the rider.


One of the most important safety features for both bikes and scooters is wearing a helmet. Helmets protect the rider’s head in case of a fall or collision, reducing the risk of serious head injuries.


The wheels on both bikes and scooters play a significant role in ensuring safety. Bikes generally have larger wheels, providing more stability and better traction. Scooters, on the other hand, have smaller wheels, which make them more maneuverable in tight spaces.

Electric or Pedal-powered

Another safety consideration is the type of power source used. Electric bikes and scooters provide a motorized option that can help riders maintain a steady speed without excessive pedaling. However, it’s important for riders to be comfortable and experienced with using the electric-powered feature and to always follow traffic laws and regulations.

Bikes, on the other hand, are typically pedal-powered, requiring the rider to use their own strength and control the speed using the pedals. This can be beneficial for those who prefer a more active and physically engaging ride.

Ultimately, the choice between a bike and a scooter depends on individual preferences and the type of riding experience desired. Both options offer safety features, but it’s crucial for riders to prioritize safety by wearing a helmet and following traffic rules.

Cost of Ownership

When considering the cost of owning a scooter or a bike, there are several factors to take into account. Both options offer affordable transportation alternatives, but each has its own expenses to consider.

With a scooter, the initial cost of purchasing the vehicle might be higher compared to a bike. Scooters often require a larger upfront investment due to their electric components and more advanced technology. However, over time, scooters tend to have lower maintenance and repair costs.

Bikes, on the other hand, have a lower initial cost, especially if you opt for a basic model without any electric components. They are generally cheaper to purchase, and maintenance costs are usually minimal. Simple repairs, such as replacing a pedal or fixing a flat tire, can often be done independently without the need for professional services.

Another factor to consider is the cost of fuel or electricity. In the case of a scooter, you will need to factor in the cost of charging the batteries. This cost can vary depending on your location and your usage. Electric scooters can usually be recharged at home, which can be more affordable compared to refueling a traditional gasoline scooter.

For bikes, there is no fuel or electricity cost since they are entirely human-powered. However, you might need to consider the cost of replacing worn-out tires or other parts over time. Additionally, if you opt for bike sharing services, there might be membership fees or charges for renting the bike.

In terms of depreciation, both scooters and bikes can lose value over time. However, since scooters usually have more electrical components and technological features, they might depreciate faster compared to bikes.

In conclusion, while the initial cost of owning a scooter might be higher, the overall cost of ownership can vary depending on factors such as maintenance, fuel or electricity costs, and depreciation. Bikes, on the other hand, have lower initial costs and no fuel or electricity expenses, but may require more frequent maintenance and repairs. Ultimately, the cost of ownership will depend on your personal usage and preferences for transportation.

Maintenance Requirements

When it comes to maintenance requirements, there are some key differences between sharing scooters and pedal bikes.

Sharing Scooters

Sharing scooters, especially electric ones, often require more frequent maintenance compared to pedal bikes. This is because electric scooters have more components that need regular inspection and upkeep, such as the battery, motor, and electrical system. Additionally, the tires on scooters tend to wear out quicker due to the higher speeds they are capable of reaching. Therefore, scooter sharing companies must have dedicated teams to regularly check and maintain their fleet of scooters to ensure optimal performance and safety for riders.

Pedal Bikes

On the other hand, pedal bikes typically have lower maintenance requirements compared to electric scooters. Since they rely solely on human power, there are no complex electrical components to maintain. Regular checks and adjustments to the bike’s gears, brakes, and tires, as well as oiling the chain, are usually sufficient to keep a pedal bike in good working condition. However, pedal bikes may still require occasional repairs or part replacements, especially if they are used for long-distance rides or subjected to rough terrain.

Regardless of whether you choose a scooter or a bike for your ride, it’s important to prioritize safety and proper maintenance. Regularly inspecting your chosen mode of transportation, checking tire pressure, and wearing a helmet can go a long way in ensuring a smooth and enjoyable ride.

Infrastructure and Accessibility

When it comes to transportation options, the infrastructure and accessibility of a city can play a crucial role. Both bikes and scooters require certain infrastructure elements to be easily accessible and safe to ride.

Bike Infrastructure

Bicycles have been a popular mode of transportation for decades and many cities have developed bike-friendly infrastructure to accommodate riders. Dedicated bike lanes, bike racks, and bike-sharing programs are just some of the infrastructure elements that make biking accessible. Cities often invest in creating a network of bike lanes separated from vehicle traffic, ensuring a safer and more convenient ride for cyclists. Additionally, bike-sharing programs have gained popularity in recent years, allowing riders to easily rent a bike for a short period of time.

Scooter Infrastructure

With the rise of electric scooters, cities have had to adapt their infrastructure to include these new forms of transportation. Electric scooters can be seen as a convenient and eco-friendly alternative to cars or bikes. They are usually equipped with small electric motors and can travel at faster speeds than traditional pedal scooters. Many cities have introduced scooter-friendly infrastructure, including designated parking areas and charging stations. These infrastructure elements ensure that scooters can be easily accessed and maintained.

Overall, the infrastructure and accessibility of a city can greatly impact the use of bikes and scooters as means of transportation. Whether it’s the availability of bike lanes or the presence of scooter charging stations, these elements make it easier and safer for individuals to ride bikes and scooters. It’s important to remember that regardless of the mode of transportation, wearing a helmet and following traffic rules are essential for a safe ride on two wheels.

User Demographics

When it comes to electric transportation options like bikes and scooters, user demographics vary depending on several factors. These factors include age, location, and personal preferences.


The age range of electric bike and scooter users is quite diverse. Younger individuals, such as teenagers and young adults, tend to be more drawn to the convenience and novelty of electric-powered wheels. They appreciate the ease of use and the fun factor that comes with riding an electric bike or scooter.

On the other hand, older individuals who are looking for alternative means of transportation are also opting for electric bikes and scooters. This age group, typically ranging from 30 to 60 years old, values the practicality and efficiency that electric transportation provides.


The location of the user has a significant impact on their choice between an electric bike and an electric scooter. In urban areas, electric scooters are often more popular due to their compact design and maneuverability. They are ideal for short trips and offer a convenient option for navigating through crowded city streets.

On the other hand, electric bikes are commonly preferred in suburban or rural areas where longer distances are often traveled. The bike’s ability to provide a higher level of assistance is well-suited for longer commutes or recreational rides in areas with less traffic congestion.

Additionally, the availability of electric bike and scooter sharing services in different locations also influences user demographics. In areas where bike sharing is more accessible, a wider range of individuals from various age groups and backgrounds are likely to use electric bikes. In contrast, electric scooter sharing services may attract a younger crowd who find the short-term rental option convenient for their needs.

Overall, user demographics for electric bikes and scooters are diverse, influenced by age, location, and the availability of sharing services. Both modes of transportation offer unique benefits that cater to different user preferences.

Transportation Regulations

When it comes to transportation regulations, both bikes and scooters have specific rules that riders must follow. These regulations are put in place to ensure the safety of riders and pedestrians alike.

Bike Regulations

When riding a bike, it is important to always wear a helmet. Helmets protect riders from head injuries in case of accidents. It is also important to follow traffic laws, such as stopping at red lights and using hand signals to indicate turns. Bikers should ride on the right side of the road, in the same direction as traffic. Bicycles with pedals are considered non-motorized vehicles and should be treated as such.

Scooter Regulations

Similar to bikes, helmet use is highly recommended when riding a scooter. While scooters may have electric wheels, riders should still follow the same rules as non-motorized vehicles. Scooters that are part of a sharing program should be ridden in designated areas and parked in designated spots after use. Riders should be aware of their surroundings and be considerate of pedestrians when riding a scooter.

Whether you choose to ride a bike or a scooter, it is important to familiarize yourself with the transportation regulations in your area. By following these rules, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable ride. Remember, safety should always be a top priority when using any form of transportation.

Comparison in Urban Environments

When it comes to transportation options in urban environments, both electric bikes and scooters have gained popularity in recent years. These two-wheeled vehicles offer convenient and efficient ways to get around, especially for shorter distances.

Electric Bikes

Electric bikes, also known as e-bikes, are becoming increasingly popular in urban areas. They are equipped with a motor that assists the rider as they pedal, making it easier to navigate through traffic and hilly terrain. With the ability to reach speeds of up to 20 mph, electric bikes provide a faster alternative to traditional pedal bikes.

One of the advantages of electric bikes is their versatility. They are suitable for riders of all ages and fitness levels, offering a more accessible mode of transportation. Electric bikes also have larger wheels than scooters, providing better stability and a smoother ride.


Electric scooters have become a common sight on city streets, as they offer a convenient and eco-friendly means of transportation. With a maximum speed of around 15 mph, scooters are ideal for short commutes and navigating crowded urban areas.

Unlike electric bikes, scooters do not require pedaling. They are designed with a handlebar for steering and a platform where the rider stands. However, scooters have smaller wheels compared to electric bikes, which can make for a slightly bumpier ride.

Aspect Electric Bikes Scooters
Efficiency Can cover longer distances with less effort due to the motorized assistance Efficient for short commutes and navigating through congested areas
Cost Electric bikes tend to be more expensive to purchase Electric scooters are often more affordable
Helmet Use Wearing a helmet is recommended, but not always required Wearing a helmet is strongly recommended, and sometimes required by law
Sharing Services Electric bike-sharing programs are becoming popular in urban areas Electric scooter-sharing services have gained significant popularity

Both electric bikes and scooters offer a convenient and eco-friendly mode of transportation in urban environments. The choice between the two depends on personal preferences, distance of commute, and terrain. Whether it’s pedaling on an electric bike or riding a scooter, these alternative forms of transportation can help reduce congestion and contribute to a greener future.

Questions and answers:

Which is better for commuting short distances: a bike or a scooter?

It depends on personal preference and specific circumstances. Both a bike and a scooter can be used effectively for commuting short distances. A bike offers the benefit of physical exercise and does not require fuel, while a scooter is more compact and can be easier to maneuver in congested areas.

What are the main advantages of using a bike for transportation?

There are several advantages to using a bike for transportation. Firstly, biking is a great form of exercise and can help improve cardiovascular health. Additionally, bikes do not require fuel and are environmentally friendly. Bikes are also relatively cheap to maintain and do not require insurance or licensing.

Are scooters faster than bikes?

In general, scooters tend to be faster than bikes. Most scooters have higher top speeds than bikes, especially when it comes to electric scooters. However, it’s important to note that the speed of a scooter or a bike depends on various factors such as the model, engine power, road conditions, and rider’s skill level.

What are the potential downsides of using a scooter?

While scooters offer a convenient mode of transportation, there are some potential downsides to consider. Scooters generally have less storage space compared to bikes, so carrying groceries or larger items can be challenging. Scooters also require regular fueling or charging, which can be an additional expense. Moreover, riders may need a license or insurance to legally operate a scooter in some areas.

Can scooters handle rough terrains as well as bikes?

Bikes generally perform better than scooters on rough terrains. Bikes are designed with more rugged tires and suspension systems, which allow them to handle uneven surfaces, gravel, and off-road trails. Scooters, on the other hand, are typically designed for smoother roads and may struggle on rough terrains. However, there are off-road scooters available that are specifically built for more challenging terrains.